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Economic Impact of New Brunswick Community Energy Plans

The project


Accounting for 59% of energy consumption and over 56% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Atlantic Canada, communities are central and actively working to enable the Province of New Brunswick to achieve its energy and GHG emissions reduction objectives. Though communities are developing Community Energy and Emissions Reductions Plans or Community Energy Plans (hereafter collectively referred to as CEPs) to improve local energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions, there is limited support for enabling the implementation of those plans.

CEPs are often developed under the leadership of municipalities. However, the goals of these plans are often community-wide, with many stakeholders.

Many municipalities are challenged in maintaining this leadership role as they:

  • Don’t see energy as the purview of local
  • Are not aware of the changes in energy markets and technologies that bring local benefits
  • Are not aware of how this fits with their traditional economic development role in attracting investment and job creation

Project Goal  

This project, ran from June 2019 to March 2020, aimed at articulating the local economic benefits of implementing CEPs with the goal of improving the understood value of implementing CEPs among municipalities and their stakeholders.



  • Develop a communication package for local governments that describes and demonstrates the positive local economic impact of implementing CEPs
  • Communicate content to local government
  • Clarify the economic development role of municipalities in supporting CEPs
  • Increase buy-in to CEP implementation

Case studies

The goals were to:

  • Create a compendium of research
  • Apply economic development impact analysis to three New Brunswick municipalities
  • Develop a model for other New Brunswick municipalities to determine the local economic impact of their Community Energy Plans

Sussex and Saint John were ones of several municipalities identified to work with QUEST to align the initial project research with Saint John’s Community Energy Plan and related local economic conditions.


This Workbook is aimed at articulating the local economic benefits of the development and implementation of CEPs with the goal of improving understanding of the value of implementing CEPs among municipalities and their stakeholders in New Brunswick.

This Workbook is the result of previous work by municipalities that have completed some form of community energy plan and have made substantial efforts to establish a baseline of energy use and GHG emissions across their communities. Further, these communities have established targets to reduce their community-wide energy use and GHG emissions thus allowing for the qualitative and quantitative estimates of the local economic impact of achieving these targets.

This Workbook is the outcome of three main activities previously conducted under the auspices of the overall project:

  1. A compendium of research that:
    1. Supports a definition and description of the “transitioning energy economy”
    2. Macro level economic impact from technologies, systems and organizations that are related to implementing CEP’s that seek to capitalize on the benefits of the “transitioning energy economy”
    3. A summary of the economic models that are used to determine and calculate the economic impact of implementing CEPs
  2. Case studies of two selected communities – their quantified energy and emissions profiles, target strategies and resulting economic impact
  3. Key indicators that all New Brunswick municipalities can use to calculate and estimate the economic impact of their CEPs

Webinar recording

Rob Kerr, senior associate at QUEST, held a webinar on July 15th, 2020 to review the results of this work with the aim of improving understanding of the value proposition for implementing CEPs among municipalities and their stakeholders.

The webinar:

  • Describes, defines and discusses the scale of the “Transitioning Energy Economy” and how it presents an economic opportunity for local governments and their communities.
  • Provides a description of how jobs are created through the implementation of Community Energy Plans.
  • Provides a sample walk-through of estimating job creation potential related to achieving the targets embedded in over 50 New Brunswick Community Energy Plans.

Check out the video below or download the webinar presentation in PDF.

Project Supporters

This project is made possible by support from the New Brunswick Environmental Trust Fund and New Brunswick Power.

Other Resources

QUEST conducts and packages cutting edge applied research to empower practitioners and decision makers with the tools they need to advance Smart Energy Communities. Find out more about our projects:

Energy Transition Policy Program

Energy Transition Policy Program

The objective of QUEST Canada’s Energy Transition Policy Program is to engage in a collaborative discussion with energy decision-makers to align climate and energy transition planning and policies that will facilitate sustainable community energy systems in support of a net-zero carbon (carbon neutral) economy by 2050.

NCA: Prairies Cohort

NCA: Prairies Cohort

The NCA Program’s inaugural cohort, the Prairies Cohort, is currently comprised of ten participating communities from Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan.

New Brunswick Smart Energy Communities Accelerator Pilot Program

New Brunswick Smart Energy Communities Accelerator Pilot Program

The NB SECA Pilot Program successfully established a community energy planning accelerator to assist a series of New Brunswick communities and one First Nation, equipping them with the tools and knowledge to develop and implement community energy plans and understand the net economic benefit they can provide.